Most new computers come with one partition, your "C" drive. So you would say that your hard drive has one primary partition. A hard drive can have a total of four primary partitions. If you have more than one hard drive in your computer you *could* have more than four primary partitions.
· extended partition This is used after the primary partition. So you could have three primary (or less) partitions and one extended partition.
· logical drives These go inside the extended partition. You can have as many as you wish as long as you don't run out of drive letters.
A typical setup for a computer with one hard drive is to have one primary partition, one extended partition, and one to four logical drives (partitions) inside the extended partition.
Primary partitions are assigned drive
letters first, then logical drives (partitions) get drive letters next, and
finally removable media devices (CD-ROM's, zip drives etc...) get drive letters
Destructive VS. Non-destructive partitioning
Using FDISK (which comes with all versions
of DOS and Win9x) is a destructive
way to manage your partition(s). This means that if you create or destroy (you
can't resize partitions with FDISK) you WILL
DESTROY ALL DATA IN THE PARTITION(S)!! Don't get into a
When you run FDISK it will prompt you whether to enable large disk support. If you answer yes, then any partition you create that is over 512 MB will use the FAT32 file system. If you answer no, then you will be unable to create disk partitions larger than 2GB. After creating a partition with FDISK, you must restart your computer and then format the drive before you can store data on it.
After you type FDISK you'll see the first screen giving you a question about enabling LBA – generally say yes unless you want to use FAT 16. At the second screen you'll either start deleting partitions or creating partitions. Remember if you delete a partition you WILL LOSE ALL DATA IN THAT PARTITION! Don't forget to make a primary partition active. Otherwise when you reboot your computer it won't see any hard drives!
While you could have four primary partitions, FDISK will only allow you to create one. There are other issues with FDISK as well, such as the fact that there are hidden switches that allow you to change the way FDISK works. And it's almost impossible to create both FAT32 and FAT16 partitions on the same hard drive. The current version of FDISK will only make partitions greater than 512 meg FAT32
Here are the switches for FDISK.
Last but not least I'll give you a blow-by-blow example. This assumes that you have one 4.3 gig hard drive, and that you want one primary partition (your "C" drive) and three logical partitions for the following... data, games, and the windows swap file. (NOTE: this is just one common setup) REMEMBER, IF YOU MESS WITH AN EXISTING PARTITION ALL DATA WILL BE LOST!!
· Boot the computer with the boot disk.
· Type FDISK hit enter.
· Answer no if you want FAT16 or yes if you want FAT 32.
***Delete any existing partitions first before re-partitioning***
· Create the primary partition which will be your "C" drive.
· Hit ESC back to the main menu.
· Follow the prompts to create the extended partition. (Be sure to use ALL the remaining free space!)
· Create your logical drives.
At this point if you were careful you're done. Look at this screen carefully and make sure it's how you want everything. If it's not, start over. Remember with FDISK you can't resize a partition later without destroying all data!